Tehran lies on an incline, some 1200 meters above sea level, at the southern foothills of  the mighty Elburz range,  256 kilometers south of  beautiful shores of the Caspian sea. Its expansion began in the 16th century under the Safavid monarch Tahmasb I. Karim Khane-Zand was crowned in Tehran in 1758. The city’s relatively temperate climate was the principle attraction for Qajar monarchs. (more…)