Humans have since ages created architectural marvels that tend to awe people even after centuries have passed by. One such structure that is standing tall since ages is the Borobudur, Mahayana Buddhist monument in Melagang, Indonesia. This colossal historical structure has survived many periodic wears and tears and terrorist attacks, to stand as one of the finest South-East Asian relics. Its mystical charm and historical relevance make it an integral part of the itinerary of most tourists while they travel through Indonesia.
Situated approximately 40 km away from Yogyakarta, Borobudur is located between two twin volcanoes namely, Sundoro-Sumbing and Merbabu-Merapi. The area is famous as Kedu Plain among the local dialects. It is also referred to as ‘the garden of Java’ for the high fertility of its land. The region also encompasses many other small Buddhist and Hindu temples, that is, Pawon and Mendut.
One you reach the periphery of this enchanting world, it will be nigh impossible for you to stop appreciating the architects of yore who designed this wonderful monument. The structure is a testament to their commendable architectural skills of that period. Borobudur was built in Buddhism’s exclusive Stupa style. The aerial view of the monument presents a huge tantric Buddhist Mandala. It comprises of total nine platforms, six square shaped platforms topped by three circular platforms over it. You will find a big stupa at center surrounded by seventy-two bell shaped small stupas. These small stupas have several small openings embossed over it, through which you can observe the statue of Buddha.
Borobudur stands out from its contemporary architectures, in terms of designs. Unlike the other buildings that are built on flat surface, this incredible monument is built on an elevated surface, almost 869ft above the sea level. It was first thought to be a Stupa that was intended as a shrine for Buddhists. But later on, the sophisticated designs of the monument depicted it as a Hindu temple. You will find a number of guiding corridors and staircases which prove rather helpful in exploring the monument. Each stair is marked as one stage of ‘enlightenment’.
Borobudur’s architectural structure is further divided into three parts, namely lower base, middle body and upper part. The monument was built on a square base of 123 x 123 meters dimensions, which is fenced by four meter high walls from all sides. The middle body comprises five square shaped platforms with falling heights. The upper part of this huge structure is composed of 3 circular platforms, with each platform supporting a row of carved stupas, positioned in concentric circles.
With its remarkable designs and structure, Borobudur proves to be a holistic treat for your senses. It serves as a perfect fusion of spirituality and picturesque sceneries and a visit to this place can surely help in inculcating positive energies within you. Visiting Borobudur will be a great learning experience for you and your family. So, pack your bags and get set to explore one of the finest artistic works mankind has ever produced.